The Constitution of Ukraine States that human life is the greatest value, so every person living on the territory of Ukraine is guaranteed the right of inviolability. Thus, according to the Criminal Code of Ukraine, no person can harm the life and health of another. If he violates this, he will be liable to be punished for the crime.
The Criminal Code contains Articles that provide for penalties for violations of health and life:
- all categories of premeditated murder (art. 115-118 CU);
- inciting to suicide-Article 120;
- negligent homicide-Article 119 of the Criminal code;
- threat of loss of life-Article 129.
An attempt on life with the use of physical or psychological influence on the victim or inaction (for example, the witness did not try to stop the criminal, did not provide assistance, did not contact law enforcement, did not mention the facts) is also treated as a crime.
People who have reached the age of 14 are held liable for premeditated murder. The penalty for manslaughter and other crimes is imposed at the age of 16.
Crimes committed to cause harm to human health are no less dangerous, it is:
- injuries of varying severity – 121-125 and 128 of the CCU;
- beatings – Article 126 of the CCU;
- torture – Article 127 of the Criminal Code.
Personal injuries-unlawful infliction of harm to human health. They are applied intentionally or carelessly. There are three degrees: light (Article 125 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine), medium (Article 123 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine), and severe (Article 121 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine).
- Beatings are intentional blows or actions that cause the victim to feel severe physical pain.
- Torture is defined as actions aimed at causing the victim physical pain or psychological trauma. The main goal of criminals who commit such actions is to break, incline to various actions against the will of the victim and get the desired result from such actions.